Penned by John Mao (2020/03)
Editor’s Observe: SP stands for “Security and Protection”, and SS for “Security and Safety”.
When we glance again several yrs just after, we may possibly concur the conclusion that the coronavirus pandemic in 2020 is a critical turning stage of world-wide social and economic conditions, and it would seem destined fate of human remaining.
In the past decade, the world-wide overall economy has been going downward spiral little by little, in the loop fashion that “going descent – pulled up by systems and governmental economic stimulus – going down again – pulled up again – “. The 2020 pandemic is a extremely huge strike to make this round downward going worse.
There’re two Chinese old saying which I consider precisely describe the fact of human mother nature, the first is “no coffin, no tears”, the 2nd is “ forget the pain when the wound has healed. ”.
As personal we may possibly find out a great deal from what experienced and grow to be smarter and additional rational. But as group human remaining never find out the classes from their heritage. Hundreds yrs of our heritage convey to us only 1 matter: it is just a language repeater.
This pandemic is not the very last 1, it’s just a image and omen. The forthcoming situations may possibly considerably additional great which will crack nevertheless our imaginations about “ wonderful variations, critical disaster, and tragic disasters”. As a little start, let’s accept the reality that these virus and microbes will reside with us endlessly.
So, in our SP/SS industry, great variations will consider put, some could be observed presently, and several will arise in the near future.
Although I am a pessimist about the future, we people today in technology discipline have to be liable and obligate. Science and technology has two significant results to the social growth, the first 1 is to be overall economy driver, the 2nd is to clear up issues induced by other social actions or variables. So to travel overall economy and to heal social issues are our obligation and industrial worth, which we all have to undertake.
Beneath discussions are all primarily based on specialized degree, not include things like enterprise administration and growth, capital devote, and so forth., for the rationale that systems and items and the authentic critical foundation.
one. The extension of the scope of SP/SS
This time throughout and just after the coronavirus pandemic, we can see and visualize some really important variations when we talk about what the SP/SS seriously indicate, and for what scope they can be practical and supply defense.
I counsel my thoughts on two new ideas which I name as “New SP/SS”, and “Grand SP/SS”.
In standard SP/SS techniques, these types of as keep track of and surveillance, accessibility/channel manage, IT protection, as nicely as protection check, defense zone, intrusion prevention, explosion-evidence, and so forth., the targets of these types of defense techniques are unauthorized, illegal and violent behaviors of people today.
From now on, the targets and targets of a protection and defense system, should really also include things like ailment and pathogens, in particular the epidemic virus and microbes.
Wholesome protection would also be important to personalized and even system protection, harmful states of personal should really be monitored, surveilled, analyzed and responded.
By adding the harmful states surveillance and processing into the standard protection system, we have a new system which I contact it the “New SP/SS”.
Many yrs back, we began to name the hazardous and damaging laptop or computer system as “virus”, now it’s time to use the primary this means of virus in our protection system, is it considerably ironical?
Here are some scenarios to describe what the New SP/SS capabilities will be:
- Smart surveillance and investigation system, besides the primary targets, will increase at minimum two kinds of issue into, the first type is scientific signs/index these types of as temperature, blood strain, heart charge, and so on. The 2nd type is some uncommon behaviors similar to harmful states these types of as cough, sneeze, swipe eye frequently, hand on head (common gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and stand-complicated, shift slow and unstable, and so forth. the New SP/SS system will also keep track of and analyze these types of behaviors and send warning or execute other authentic time reaction.
- In transportation protection check system, besides the offensive weapon and applications, flammable and explosives check, system temperature monitoring would be a will have to.
- The accessibility manage and inner surveillance of schools and some delicate corporations require temperature check or even simple and rapidly well being check, the answers or products of simple and rapidly clinical examination would be really promising.
- In financial and governmental companies home windows, long distance and non-speak to (even hid) temperature monitoring system will be extensively accepted. Integrated with metal detecting system would be greater.
- In some shut transportation room these types of as ship, airplane, and coach, authentic time well being monitoring is critical require. Similar techs and items will be popular.
- Some mass-attendance conditions these types of as cafe, cinema and theater, stadium, temperature monitoring will undoubtedly be additional into the surveillance system.
What I name the “Grand SP/SS” means a complete system which will comprise of standard SP/SS, furthermore defense answers for personal, and the community and details conversation hyperlink the two pieces. The defense answers for personal will be a blend of novel personalized protection and well being defense means which will be explained down below. In the Grand SP/SS system, defense techniques for business and public protection will join with defense techniques for personal so to establish up a complete system onto the 5G, huge details and cloud processing infrastructure.
The ideas of New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS counsel really a great deal demands which should really be contented, so to prolong the definition and scope of standard SP/SS principle. I imagine that these new trend and new answers will arise in 2 or three yrs.
2. The significant considerations when design New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS
As explained earlier mentioned, the Grand SP/SS include things like protections for business and public curiosity, as nicely as for personalized protection and well being. The latter is disregarded by standard SP/SS techniques.
To design a New and Grand SP/SS system, there’re two significant considerations. Contactless design, and lively defending remedy for personal.
The lively personalized protection and well being defense design may possibly include things like the adhering to:
- Novel and intelligent wearable unit, devices or personalized objects.
- The probability and usefulness for identification verification when underneath these types of defense devices and objects, how to use biometrics?
- What innovations on new sensors and wearable computing CPU should really be the will have to?
- If the personalized defending remedy has a authentic “shell”, then how to make the details amassing from outside and inside of of the shell? Also the details transmission in between inner and outer should really be very carefully built.
- Individual defense should really include things like the detection of the limited-distance environment and warning when hazardous and perilous states be detected.
- Emergency reaction and actions should really be deemed.
Contactless systems and models are most important in new and grand SP/SS techniques. These as:
- Contactless sensing and check, for illustration, contactless biometrics, contactless temperature/blood strain/heart charge capturing, and uncommon behaviors monitoring, or even rapid clinical check without speak to.
- Distinctive distance for contactless models meet unique demands, the distance could be tens of centimeters, quite a few meters, or tens of meters.
- Wi-fi details capture, transit and reception, in the networked system design which combine personalized defense devices with the SP/SS system.
- Fast detection and checkup at person-stop, but joined with details center and cloud processing (surveillance and investigation) by way of IoT.
- Scalable system construction and versatile deployment.
- Link and details share with public/national protection and public companies, to variety a thorough system.
three. Goods trend in New and Grand SP/SS
In the near future, new items and answers with the principle of new and grand SP/SS would be popular, like the followings.
three.one. Surveillance and accessibility manage
Other than the primary items and construction, the new intelligent surveillance system will also go over heath states monitoring, which can be divided into two significant sectors: the standard index of well being states these types of as system temperature, blood strain and heart charge, and so forth., and some uncommon behaviors which point out a harmful personal, these types of as cough, sneeze, swipe eye frequently, hand on head (common gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and hard-to-stand, shift slow and unstable, and so forth.
The new techniques should really capture, transmit, analyze and store all the earlier mentioned indexes and details, with all these is effective and details on line, to establish up a networked, intelligent, and all-included surveillance system constant with our new and grand SP/SS principle.
Contactless capturing and monitoring systems of system temperature and other well being states index will extensively built-in into surveillance and accessibility/channel manage techniques in public locations, transportation, training and healthcare facility, governmental companies, enterprise and corporations. And these techniques will have a tendency to share details or even processing capability in the future, to variety an all-included social protection and protection community.
Sensing and capturing systems on personalized well being condition index, and the rapidly investigation and identification systems, will jointly variety the so termed QPC (rapid physical checkup) remedy and will be extensively accepted in the near future.
All those thermal imaging system at the moment made use of in military services base and prisons will be upgraded, increase into system temperature and other well being states monitoring to variety an progressive multifunctional system .
Distinctive sensors and novel analytical systems will be most important for earlier mentioned new apps. New sensors and analytical computer software R&D will be fast escalating, huge details and equipment finding out would be their good base.
three.2. Identification verification answers
At present most accessibility/channel manage, time attendance, IT protection and ID card apps are all applying biometrics as identification verifying systems. Biometrics will also be extensively made use of in the future but contactless techs would be additional competitive. Provided the special situation when the end users have to be secured with mask, goggles, gloves and protective apparel, voice verification, iris verification and gait recognition would have additional chance.
In some uncommon scenarios speak to biometrics these types of as fingerprint will continue being accepted. If it’s upgraded to have contactless processing capability it can acquire additional acceptance. For illustration, due to the fact we have some design of gentle and versatile fingerprint sensor chip and wearable processing chip, we may possibly capture the fingerprints inside of (from the inner layer of) gloves, and then transmit wirelessly to a trustworthy outside verification engine, to establish up a contactless and sensible fingerprint verifying system even when the person is thoroughly clinical secured (with mask, goggles, gloves, and protective apparel).
Laser projection keyboard tech offers PIN a new and contactless use probability. This is a sensible technology these days.
Identification verification systems made use of in financial and baking institutes, governmental companies will meet new demands and worries. Procedure design should really look at two kinds of defense sectors which we explained earlier mentioned, procedures in opposition to riot/theft and personalized well being states monitoring.
Facial recognition is present most popular in these types of application scenarios, but with a mask the system will fail. Iris and voice verification are envisioned to be extensively accepted. Of class, if we increase some special capabilities onto the standard devices these types of as attaching UV light-weight unit, or automated brushing onto the fingerprint capture window, we can make fingerprint urgent safely. These improvement may possibly also re-burst the legacy market.
three.three. Safety for personal
Safety answers primarily based on personalized well being states are practically blank in market, just after this pandemic, great likelihood will arise. If increase into intelligent and community connecting capability, that will establish up the 2nd significant aspect in new and grand SP/SS system.
We forecast the adhering to product or service features for these types of innovations:
- Defending items for respiratory system. Impressive mask/deal with veil/clinical hood/nasal stopper (for breath purification) would be promising. The innovation of these types of items should really emphasis on practical and at ease use, not only specialized capabilities. Also these new items should really be electrical/electronic and intelligent as considerably as attainable, so to join to background system community.
- Protective apparel with automated pasteurization and sterilization. Some new materials or new prescription drugs will make this sensible.
- How to use biometrics underneath full clinical defense is a extremely huge issue and obstacle to the biometric industry. How to use or change to use existing systems, and how to produce new biometrics, will require to be contented. Seize biometrics inside of defense and contactless sensing are two significant key considerations of R&D. Wi-fi transmission and trustworthy processing are important assure.
- Thorough defense unit for personal will include things like unique sensors, wearable computing, wireless conversation, exhibit, and could be customized.
- The thorough personalized defense unit should really also detect and analyze the environment states (air affliction, radiation, other personal nearby with harmful indexes, and so forth.) and automatically inform.
As to personalized buyer items applying biometric systems, these types of as mobile cell phone, intelligent lock and padlock, pill and Laptop, would not be important to use these contactless and wireless biometrics. But for these types of design, if some innovation can easily increase the well being protection, that will increase the market again. For illustration, we can use special materials to make the coating of the fingerprint sensor considerably antibacterial and virus resistance.
As a summary of earlier mentioned descriptions, let’s review and make the adhering to conclusions:
– Regular protection and defense system capabilities, furthermore the new information focused on personalized well being states monitoring to make the system safer and additional entire, will jointly establish up a new system, I name it as “ New SP/SS”, vary from standard SP/SS.
– Individual defense unit and devices will make personal physical and clinical safer. The protection and defense system for personal would also be electronic/electrical and joined wirelessly with SP/SS system, on the infrastructure and system of 5G, IoT, huge details and cloud processing, all these jointly compose a thorough SP/SS, which I name it as “Grand SP/SS system”. The New and Grand SP/SS ideas categorical my significant factors on the evolution trend of protection and defense industry.
– As to what we can do from this minute, research of kinds of unique sensors (contactless sensing and wireless transmit chips), and additional analytical computer software (for illustration, S/W on investigation of uncommon behaviors pertinent to harmful states) growth will be superior alternatives. Equipment finding out will be most important to analytical computer software growth. Of class, how to make some speak to systems change to be made use of contactlessly would also be significant is effective we can do now.